Gum disease

What is gum disease?

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is when gums become sore and bleed. It can range in severity from mild gum inflammation (or gingivitis) to serious damage to the soft tissue and jaw bone and even tooth loss. Read about Gingivitis.

What is the cause of gum disease?

Swollen and bleeding gums are the result of a build up of plaque and bacteria in the mouth, irritating the soft tissues. This is usually due to poor oral hygiene.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

The first sign of gum disease is usually blood on your toothbrush or in the toothpaste you spit out after brushing your teeth. Your gums may also feel sore and bleed when you are eating or drinking. You may also notice that your breath has an unpleasant smell. If you suspect you have gum disease, schedule an appointment with your dentist for a full examination - book online here.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Gum disease can easily be treated in the early stages however if it is left it can develop into a serious gum infection, or periodontitis, which is much more serious and can lead to loss of teeth.

What treatments are needed?

Gum disease can be easily treated by your dentist. Treatments usually consist of removing the build up of plaque from the teeth and gums and thoroughly cleaning the whole mouth. Your dentist will advise you of a good oral hygiene routine to prevent further build up of plaque and the return of gum disease.